Safeguarding sensitive data is paramount, especially when it concerns individual taxpayers. To this end, organizations handling federal tax information (FTI) must adhere to stringent standards. To ensure these standards are met, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has mandated a compliance audit, known as the Publication 1075 audit.

The audit’s main purpose is to assess an organization’s compliance with the prescribed security guidelines outlined in Publication 1075, ensuring the FTI is protected against unauthorized access or disclosure. This Peak Post will elucidate the core aspects of the audit, its relevance, the process involved, and the potential impact of its outcomes on organizations.

Understanding Publication 1075

IRS Publication 1075 provides comprehensive tax information security guidelines for federal agencies and other entities such as contractors, agents, and local and state governments that receive, process, store, or transmit FTI. The main goal of these guidelines is to ensure that FTI is kept secure and confidential, minimizing the risk of unauthorized access and data breaches. Publication 1075 covers various areas, including but not limited to physical security, IT security, record keeping, and incident response.

Why is a Publication 1075 Audit Important

1. Compliance: Complying with IRS Publication 1075 isn’t merely an option—it’s a mandate. A Publication 1075 audit ensures that your organization is in compliance with the IRS’s requirements for handling FTI. Non-compliance can result in serious consequences, including steep financial penalties, damage to the organization’s reputation, and even potential loss of contracts. These audits effectively act as a safeguard, ensuring that your organization meets all required standards and avoids such harmful repercussions.

2. Data Security: In an era where data breaches are increasingly common, stringent data security is paramount. Publication 1075 outlines robust guidelines to ensure the protection of sensitive FTI. Successfully passing a Publication 1075 audit not only signifies your organization’s commitment to these guidelines but also indicates a strong stance towards data security. This commitment invariably translates into stringent protective measures against potential data threats, contributing to a more secure digital environment.

3. Public Trust: Trust forms the foundation of any organization that handles sensitive personal information. Adhering to the regulations of IRS Publication 1075 serves as a badge of assurance for the public, illustrating the organization’s dedication to data privacy and protection. By successfully undergoing a Publication 1075 audit, the organization sends out a strong message about its dedication to safeguarding personal data, thereby strengthening public trust.

4. Business Continuity: With rising cyber threats, any compromise of FTI can significantly disrupt business operations, causing both immediate and long-term damage. Following the regulations of Publication 1075 and ensuring compliance through an audit is a way to fortify your organization against such threats. This commitment to security helps ensure business continuity even in the face of potential cyber attacks or data breaches. Thus, a Publication 1075 audit plays an indispensable role in safeguarding an organization’s operational resilience.

What Does a Publication 1075 Audit Involve

The Publication 1075 audit is conducted by independent auditors who specialize in IRS security requirements. It involves an in-depth examination of an organization’s security controls, policies, and procedures, as they pertain to FTI. The audit process typically includes an initial review of security documentation, on-site inspections, interviews with key personnel, and testing of security controls.

Once the audit is complete, the auditor will provide a report detailing their findings. This will include any areas of non-compliance, as well as recommendations for remediation. Organizations will then have an opportunity to address these issues and improve their security measures.

Key steps involved in a Publication 1075 audit:

1. Pre-Audit Preparation: Prior to the audit, organizations are expected to conduct a self-assessment of their existing protocols surrounding FTI. This initial step ensures that they are conversant with the guidelines stipulated in Publication 1075. During this stage, organizations must gather all relevant documentation that outlines the processes and system configurations related to FTI. This can include data flow diagrams, user access controls, incident response plans, training materials, and security policies. Having these documents ready is essential for providing auditors with a clear overview of the organization’s current security posture.

2. Data Protection and Privacy Controls: This phase entails a meticulous examination of both physical and digital protective measures employed by the organization. Physical controls include security measures taken to protect data centers, server rooms, and other sensitive areas where FTI is stored or processed. Digital controls include evaluating encryption standards, network security measures, access control mechanisms, and intrusion detection and prevention systems. Auditors also assess the strategies implemented to protect FTI from unauthorized access or disclosure, both internally and externally. The aim is to ensure a fortified security environment for FTI.

3. Personnel Security: This segment focuses on the people who interact with FTI. Auditors assess the comprehensiveness of background checks conducted before granting personnel access to FTI. They also examine the extent and effectiveness of training programs designed to educate employees on their responsibilities when handling FTI and the repercussions of non-compliance. This not only covers direct employees but also contractors and other third parties who might have access to FTI.

4. Incident Response and Recovery: This involves a thorough evaluation of an organization’s capacity to handle and recover from security incidents. The audit scrutinizes the organization’s incident response plan, evaluating its processes for identifying, responding to, and recovering from security incidents. It also assesses the protocols in place for notifying the IRS in the event of an incident involving FTI. By scrutinizing these plans, auditors can gauge the preparedness and resilience of an organization in the face of potential threats.

5. Documentation and Reporting: This aspect of the audit checks how well an organization documents its security policies, procedures, and practices. It also looks at the system of internal reporting to ensure the organization’s security status is adequately communicated to management and, as required, to the IRS. Consistent, clear documentation and reporting play a crucial role in demonstrating the organization’s commitment to maintaining stringent security standards.

6. Post-Audit Recommendations: After the audit, the auditing body provides feedback detailing their findings. This includes identifying areas of non-compliance and outlining actionable recommendations for improvements. These suggestions offer organizations the guidance needed to bolster their data security measures and align their practices with the standards stipulated in Publication 1075. The post-audit phase is vital in helping organizations understand where they currently stand and what steps they need to take to ensure complete compliance moving forward.

It’s important to note that the exact nature of the audit may vary depending on the specifics of the organization, such as its size, the complexity of its systems, and the nature of the FTI it handles.


The Publication 1075 audit is a critical aspect of handling FTI, ensuring that the sensitive tax information of millions of taxpayers is kept secure. With the right understanding and preparation, it can be a valuable tool for strengthening your organization’s data privacy and security measures. By achieving compliance with Publication 1075, your organization can protect sensitive information, mitigate the risk of data breaches, and uphold your reputation for data security. Remember, the Publication 1075 audit isn’t just about meeting regulatory requirements – it’s about protecting your organization, the people whose information you hold, and upholding the trust of the public.

Please reach out if you would like to learn more about how Audit Peak can assist you with your Publication 1075 compliance or for a free consultation. WE WILL TAKE YOU TO THE PEAK.